10 BENEFITS OF STRENGTH TRAINING
IF YOU COULD DO ONE THING TO IMPROVE YOUR HEALTH, STRENGTH TRAINING SHOULD BE AT THE TOP OF YOUR LIST. IT INVOLVES USING ONE OR MORE MUSCLE GROUPS TO PERFORM A SPECIFIC TASK, SUCH AS LIFTING A WEIGHT OR SQUATTING. DUE TO GROWING BODY OF EVIDENCE SUPPORTING ITS MANY BENEFITS, STRENGTH HAS BECOME A FUNDAMENTAL PART OF EXERCISE PROGRAMS. IF YOU’VE EVER CONSIDERED STRENGTH TRAINING, YOU MAY WONDER HOW IT WILL BENEFIT YOUR LIFE.
WHAT IS STRENGTH TRAINING
Strength training is also known as weight training, resistance training, and muscular training. The general definition of strength training is any physical movement in which you use your body weight or equipment (e.g., dumbbells and resistance bands) to build muscle mass, strength, and endurance. The main types of strength training include: Muscular hypertrophy: Also known as muscle building, this type of strength training uses moderate-to-heavy weights to stimulate muscle growth. Muscular endurance: This refers to your muscles’ ability to sustain exercise for a period of time. Training to increase muscular endurance usually involves high reps using light weights or body weight. Circuit training: During this form of full-body conditioning, you cycle through various exercises with little to no rest between them. Maximum muscular strength: This type of exercise involves low reps (usually 2–6) and heavy weights to improve your overall strength. It’s best reserved for experienced exercisers who have mastered their form. Explosive power: This training combines power and speed to improve your power output. It’s usually employed among trained athletes to improve their ability to perform explosive movements in their sport. Most people focus on muscular endurance, circuit training, and muscular hypertrophy as part of their strength-training routine, while strength and power training are usually reserved for experienced athletes
Depending on the type of strength training you choose to reach your goals, you can use various equipment (or none at all), such as Body weight: using your own body weight and the force of gravity to perform various movements (e.g., pushups, squats, planks, pullups, and lunges) Free weights: equipment not bound to the floor or a machine, such as dumbbells, barbells, kettlebells, medicine balls, or objects around the house. Resistants bands: rubber bands that provide resistance when stretched. Weight machines: machines with adjustable weights or hydraulics attached to provide resistance and stress to the muscles. Suspension equipments: consists of ropes or straps that are anchored to a sturdy point in which a person uses their body weight and gravity to perform various exercises. Regardless of the type of strength training you perform, the goal is to put your muscles under tension to allow neuromuscular adaptations and stimulate muscle growth. With regular practice, your muscles will become stronger. This article shows 10 benefits of strength training.
1. MAKES YOU STRONGER
Strength training helps you become stronger. Gaining strength allows you to perform daily tasks much easier, such as carrying heavy groceries or running around with your kids. Furthermore, it helps improve athletic performance in sports that require speed, power, and strength, and it may even support endurance athletes by preserving lean muscle mass.
2. BURNS CALORIES EFFICIENTLY
Strength training helps boost your metabolism in two ways. First, building muscle increases your metabolic rate. Muscles are more metabolically efficient than fat mass, allowing you to burn more calories at rest. Second, research shows that your metabolic rate is increased up to 72 hours after strength-training exercise. This means that you’re still burning additional calories hours and even days after your workout.
3. DECREAES ABDOMINAL FAT
Fat stored around the abdomen, especially visceral fat, is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases, including heart disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Multiple studies have shown the benefit of strength-training exercises for reducing abdominal and total body fat..
4. CAN HELP YOU APPEAR LEANER
As you build more muscle and lose fat, you will appear leaner. This is because muscle is more dense than fat, meaning it takes up less space on your body pound for pound. Therefore, you may lose inches off of your waist even if you don’t see a change in the number on the scale. Also, losing body fat and building stronger and larger muscles showcases more muscle definition, creating a stronger and leaner appearance.
5. LOWERS YOUR RISK OF INJURY
Including strength training in your exercise routine may reduce your risk of injury. Strength training helps improve the strength, range of motion, and mobility of your muscles, ligaments, and tendons. This can reinforce strength around major joints like your knees, hips, and ankles to provide additional protection against injury. What’s more, strength training can help correct muscular imbalances. For example, having a stronger core, hamstrings, and glutes takes the load off of your lower back during lifting, decreasing your risk of lower-back injuries. Finally, adult and teenage athletes that engage in strength training have a lower likelihood of injury. In fact, one review including 7,738 athletes found strength-training programs reduced the risk of injury by 33%. It was found to lower the risk of injury in a dose-dependent manner, meaning for every 10% increase in strength-training volume, there was a 4% reduced risk of injury.
6. IMPROVES HEART HEALTH
Multiple studies have shown that regular strength-training exercise can decrease blood pressure, lower total and LDL (bad) cholesterol, and improve blood circulation by strengthening the heart and blood vessels. Strength training also can help you maintain a healthy body weight and manage your blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels are a major risk factor for heart disease.
7. PROMOTES GREATER MOBILITY AND FLEXIBILITY
Contrary to popular belief, strength training can make you more flexible. Strength training increases joint range of motion (ROM), allowing for greater mobility and flexibility. Plus, those with weaker muscles tend to have lower ROM and flexibility. In fact, a recent review comparing stretching with strength training found they were equally effective at increasing ROM. For best results, ensure you’re completing the full ROM of an exercise — in other words, utilize your full movement potential around a joint. For example, lower yourself into a squat as far as you’re able to go without compromising your form.
8. BOOSTS YOUR SELF-ESTEEM
Strength training can add a major boost to your self-confidence. It helps you overcome challenges, work toward a goal, and appreciate your body’s strength. In particular, it can increase your self-efficacy — the belief that you’re able to succeed at or perform a task — which can greatly improve your confidence.
9. MAKES YOUR BONES STRONGER
Strength training is crucial for bone development. Weight-bearing exercises put temporary stress on your bones, sending a message to bone-building cells to take action and rebuild bones stronger. Having strong bones reduces your risk of osteoporosis, fractures, and falls, especially as you age. Fortunately, you can reap the bone-strengthening benefits of strength training at any age.
10. IMPROVES BRAIN HEALTH
Those who engage in strength training may have better brain health and protection against age-related cognitive decline. Multiple studies in older adults have pointed to significant improvements in cognitive function (e.g., processing speed, memory, and executive function) after participating in strength training, compared with those who did not participate in it It’s thought that resistance training has many neuroprotective effects, such as improved blood flow, reduced inflammation, and an increased expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which is linked to memory and learning.
IF YOU HAVE’T TRIED STRENGTH TRAINING, NOW IS THE TIME TO START. STRENGTH TRAINING PROVIDES NUMEROUS HEALTH BENEFITS, SUCH AS A LOWER RISK OF HEART DISEASE AND DIABETES, STRONGER BONES, BETTER BRAIN HEALTH AND MOOD, AND IMPROVED SELF-ESTEEM. FORTUNATELY STRENGTH TRAINING ISN’T JUST LIFTING WEIGHTS AT THE GYM. YOU CAN GET IN A GREAT TRAINING WORKOUT USING YOUR BODY WEIGHT, RESISTANCE BANDS, FREE WEIGHTS, OR EVEN ITEMS AROUND THE HOUSE.
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